Interferential Current (IFC)
Interferential Current Therapy is a modality that helps to reduce pain and muscle spasm, decrease swelling, stimulate muscles, and promote healthy blood flow. With the use of electrodes, small low-frequency electrical impulses are induced into the tissues or target area. The stimulation increases circulation in the area and induces the body to secrete endorphins, which are the body’s natural “painkillers”. During treatment you will feel a tingling or “pins and needles” sensation at the contact area, which means that the IFC unit is functioning properly. Most patients find IFC therapy to be very beneficial and describe the treatment as relaxing.
Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS)
Electrical Muscle Stimulation is the elicitation of muscle contraction by inducing electric impulses delivered through electrodes on the skin. These impulses mimic the signal (action potential) coming from the central nervous system which serve to direct our muscles to activate. EMS is used for rehabilitation purposes in conjunction with movement and exercises to strengthen weak and atrophied muscles after injury. In cases of casting and disuse following injury, EMS can be used to activate and re-train muscles to prevent atrophy and muscle memory loss.
Therapeutic ultrasound is a modality used to increase blood flow to the affected area, reduce unhealthy inflammation, break down scar tissue and facilitate healing. It is delivered by using a round-head wand or probe in direct contact with the skin. Ultrasound gel is used on all surfaces of the probe in order to reduce friction and assist in the transmission of the ultrasonic waves. Ultrasound can also be used to create a deep heat in a localized area to ease muscle spasms and increase soft tissue extensibility.