Compression stockings (hosiery) is a basic approach for the prevention and treatment of venous issues. These stockings help to apply a gradient pressure to the lower extremities to enhance the pumping of blood up towards the heart, rather than allowing the blood to remain stagnant and begin pooling in the legs.
How does it work?
The force of the fabric exerts a controlled amount of pressure, which is greatest at the ankle and gradually decreases in pressure at the top side of the garment (e.g., 100% at the ankle, 70% at the knee, 40-25% at the thigh). This increases pressure on subcutaneous tissue and reduces the diameter of the superficial veins.
- Reduce and prevent swelling / edema
- Reduce retrograde flow (blood flow in the opposite direction against valves)
- Reduce the amount of stagnant blood in the veins (reduce venous pressure)
- Speed up blood flow (reduce the risk of thrombosis / clots)
- Improve flow proximally
- Decrease leg discomfort
- Improve venous return from the lower extremities
- Prevent progression of venous and lymphatic disease
- Prevent Thrombo-Embolisms
- Heal Ulcers
- Improve athletic performance
Compression Hosiery (Stockings) are commonly prescribed for:
- Tired, aching legs
- Varicose Veins / Spider Veins
- Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Venous Stasis (Pooling)
- Phlebitis / Inflammation
- Venous Ulcers
- Athletic Performance